How to Change Oil Level for JCB 3CX,4CX Backhoe Loader

This instruction show you guide on how to change oil level for JCB 3CX,4CX,214e,214,215,217 & VARIANTS backhoe loader.

 

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Procedures:

1.Make sure the park brake is engaged and the transmission set to neutral. Lower the loader arms and backhoe to the ground, switch OFF the engine and remove the starter key.

2.Open the bonnet, see Engine Panels, Opening and Closing the Bonnet.

3.Check that the oil level is between the two marks on the dipstick A.

4.If necessary, remove the side panel and add oil through filler B. Make sure that the dipstick and filler cap are fully inserted and tightened.

 

Changing the Oil and Filter

1.Drain the oil when the engine is warm as contaminants held in suspension will then be drained with the oil.

Park the machine on firm ground.

 

WARNING

Make the machine safe before getting beneath it. Lower the attachments to the ground; engage the parking brake; remove the starter key, disconnect the battery.

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2.Make sure the park brake is engaged and the transmission set to neutral. Lower the loader arms and backhoe to the ground, switch OFF the engine and remove the starter key.

3.Open the bonnet, see Engine Panels, Opening and Closing the Bonnet.

4.Drain the oil:

! CAUTION

Oil will gush from the hole when the drain plug is removed. Hot oil and engine components can burn you.

Keep to one side when you remove the plug.

Place a container of suitable size beneath the drain plug.

Remove drain plug C and its ‘O’ ring. Let the oil drain out, then clean and refit the drain plug with a new ‘O’ ring. Tighten to 34 Nm (25 lbf ft).

5.Change the filter:

Unscrew the filter canister D. Remember that it will be full of oil.

Check that adapter G is secure.

Clean the filter head F.

Add clean engine lubricating oil to the new filter canister. Allow enough time for the oil to pass through the filter element.

Smear the seal E on the new filter with oil. Screw in the new filter canister – hand tight only.

6.Fill the engine to the max mark on the dipstick with new oil through the filler. See Service Capacities and Lubricants for recommended oil grades. Wipe off any spilt oil. Check for leaks. Make sure the filler cap is correctly refitted.

7.Make sure the engine will not start and turn the starter switch to operate the starter motor until the oil pressure light is extinguished. (To make sure the engine will not start, remove the engine shut-off solenoid fuse, housed in the fuse box).

8.Insert the engine shut-off solenoid fuse and operate the engine. Check for leaks. When the engine has cooled, check the oil level.

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